Volume 7, Issue 3 (6-2024)                   Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology 2024, 7(3): 10-18 | Back to browse issues page

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AlKaabi N, Enayati T, Ghali Mousavi N A, Ghashghaeizadeh N. (2024). Providing a Framework for Identifying Challenges in Human Resource Management in the Education System of Iraq. Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology. 7(3), 10-18. doi:10.61838/kman.ijes.7.3.2
URL: http://iase-idje.ir/article-1-1428-en.html
1- PhD student, Department of Educational Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Maysan University, Maysan, Iraq
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (63 Views)
Purpose: The objective of this study is to develop a comprehensive framework for identifying the challenges facing human resource management (HRM) in the education system of Iraq. By leveraging insights from key stakeholders, the study aims to provide detailed understanding and solutions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of HRM practices in Iraqi educational institutions.

Methodology: This qualitative study utilized a purposive sampling method to select 12 experts from the Iraqi education sector, focusing on the provinces of Maysan, Baghdad, and Dhi Qar. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, which were then transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis facilitated by NVivo software. The analysis aimed to identify key themes related to HRM challenges, ensuring the validity of findings through researcher self-review and verification control.

Findings: The study identified several significant challenges affecting HRM in Iraq's education system. Financial constraints, such as low salaries for educational staff and inadequate funding for schools, were pervasive. Infrastructural deficiencies, including old and poorly maintained school buildings, contributed to an unconducive learning environment. There was also a lack of technological integration, with schools insufficiently equipped and teachers untrained in using modern educational tools. Additional issues included inadequate parental and governmental support, a curriculum misaligned with societal and market needs, teacher demotivation, outdated assessment methods, and political instability influencing educational policies.

Conclusion: Effective HRM practices, such as performance-based budgeting, financial decentralization, technological integration, and comprehensive teacher training programs, are essential for enhancing educator performance and improving educational quality.
Full-Text [PDF 815 kb]   (23 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2024/04/4 | Accepted: 2024/05/20 | Published: 2024/06/29

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