Volume 7, Issue 1 (5-2024)                   Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology 2024, 7(1): 91-102 | Back to browse issues page


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Ahmadi S, Tahmasebzadeh Sheikhlar D, Khosravi R A. (2024). Understanding Teachers' Experiences of the Effects and Outcomes of COVID-19 on the Quality of Education in Elementary Schools. Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology. 7(1), 91-102. doi:10.61838/kman.ijes.7.1.9
URL: http://iase-idje.ir/article-1-1378-en.html
1- MA, Department of Curriculum Studies, University of Tabriz , Tabriz, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (406 Views)
Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has had significant effects and outcomes on primary education. Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand teachers' experiences of the effects and outcomes of COVID-19 on the quality of education in elementary schools.

Methodology: This qualitative study was phenomenological in nature. The research population consisted of elementary school teachers in Zanjan County, from which 24 were selected as samples through purposive sampling based on the principle of theoretical saturation. The samples were subjected to semi-structured interviews, the validity of which was confirmed through triangulation and the reliability was calculated as 0.88 using the intercoder agreement coefficient. Data analysis of the present study was conducted using thematic analysis in MAXQDA software.

Findings: The results of this study indicated that understanding teachers' experiences of the effects and outcomes of COVID-19 on the quality of education in elementary schools consisted of 14 sub-themes under 2 main themes. The main theme of the virtualization of education included 9 sub-themes: deficiencies in facilities and infrastructure, lack of information and experience among teachers, decreased quality of learning, increased stress among families, behavioral and psychological problems of students, health and physical problems of students, economic problems, educational gaps, and the organization of psychological strengthening courses. The main theme of developing new policies and strategies in education and teaching included 5 sub-themes: a new approach to modern education, new policies in school development, new strategies in teacher training, new work procedures and goals, and the integration of technology in the workplace and life.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it was determined that COVID-19 opened a new window for the education system to adjust and change educational policies and develop the necessary infrastructure to improve the quality of education.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2024/01/8 | Accepted: 2024/02/13 | Published: 2024/03/9

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