Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2022)                   Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology 2022, 5(4): 92-104 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yazdani Z, Rahimian H, Abbaspour A, Niknami M. (2022). Presenting and Validating Human Resources Empowerment Model with Emphasis on Education in the Ornamental and Building Stone Industry. Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology. 5(4), 92-104. doi:10.61186/ijes.5.4.92
URL: http://iase-idje.ir/article-1-1245-en.html
1- PhD student, Department of Educational Management, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of Management and Educational Planning, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Professor of the Department of Management and Educational Planning, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (591 Views)
Purpose: education plays a key role in empowerment of human resources. Thus, the present research was done to present and validate the human resources empowerment model with emphasis on education in the ornamental and building stone industry.
Methodology: this descriptive-analytical study was of correlation type. The statistical population consisted of the staff at Iran's stone statistics and information center as many as 425 persons in 50 companies. The sample size was determined 200 according to Cochran formula; this number was chosen through stratified random sampling method based on the occupational unit. The research instruments included demographic information form capturing gender, age, level of education, years of working background, and a researcher-made questionnaire ( 50 items), whose face validity was confirmed based on expert opinion, while its reliability was calculated using Cronbach alpha method on 30 staff as 0.95. The data were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis and structural equations modeling methods in SPSS-25 and Smart PLS-3 software.
Findings: the findings indicated that empowerment of human resources has 10 factors of change and innovation, managerial functions, learning, development of human resources, behavioral factors, organizational factors, the strategic factors of organization, environmental factors, cultural and leadership factors as well as knowledge beyond the technical knowledge. The factor load of all of its items was above 0.40; the convergent validity of the factors was found above 0.60 using the average variance extracted method. The reliability of all of the factors using Cronbach alpha and mixed method was above 0.70. Furthermore, the human resources empowerment model with emphasis on education in the ornamental and building stone industry had  suitable and acceptable fitting, and the empowerment of human resources with emphasis on education had a direct and significant effect on all of the 10 factors (P<0.001).
Conclusion: given the suitable model of human resources empowerment with emphasis on education in the ornamental and building stone industry, experts and planners can take effective steps for empowerment of human resources through the 10 identified factors.
Full-Text [PDF 559 kb]   (165 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/11/8 | Accepted: 2023/01/8

References
1. Archana MV, Tuteja S, Shilpashree S, Khandwe A, Gupta SK, Sharma VR. (2021). Employee empowerment in the banking sector. Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government. 27(5): 1-11.
2. Dust SB, Resick CJ, Margolis JA, Mawritz MB, Greenbaum RL. (2018). Ethical leadership and employee success: Examining the roles of psychological empowerment and emotional exhaustion. The Leadership Quarterly. 29(5): 570-583. [DOI:10.1016/j.leaqua.2018.02.002]
3. Fazel A, Kamalian AR, Rowshan SA. (2018). Identification of effective dimensions and components on academic human resources empowerment, emphasizing the third and fourth generation of universities with fuzzy Delphi approach: Presenting a conceptual model. Education Strategies in Medical. 10(6): 455-468. [Persian]
4. Gerlach S, Hammerle M, Schuler S. (2019). Patterns for analysis of human resource flexibility in manufacturing. Procedia Manufacturing. 39: 947-955. [DOI:10.1016/j.promfg.2020.01.394]
5. Gong Y, Wu Y, Huang P, Yan X, Luo Z. (2020). Psychological empowerment and work engagement as mediating roles between trait emotional intelligence and job satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology. 11(232): 1-7. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00232] [PMCID]
6. Hanaysha J. (2016). Examining the effects of employee empowerment, teamwork, and employee training on organizational commitment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 229: 298-306. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.140]
7. Hashemzadeh N, Foroughipour H, Sabounchi R. (2020). Model of the impact of human resources empowerment of the sports and youth organization of West Azerbaijan Province on their efficiency with emphasis on some Islamic dimensions. Journal of Islamic Life Style Centeredon Health, 4(4): 289-294. [Persian]
8. Huis MA, Hansen N, Otten S, Lensink R. (2017). A three-dimensional model of women's empowerment: Implications in the field of microfinance and future directions. Frontiers in Psychology. 8(1678): 1-14. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01678] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Ibrahim AM. (2020). Psychological empowerment and organizational commitment among employees in the lodging industry. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism. 19(3): 277-295. [DOI:10.1080/15332845.2020.1737766]
10. Ju D, Ma L, Ren R, Zhang Y. (2019). Empowered to break the silence: Applying self-determination theory to employee silence. Frontiers in Psychology. 10(485): 1-10. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00485] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Khodeir LM, Nabawy EM. (2021). Responsive human resource framework for design and building of mega housing development projects in Egypt. Ain Shams Engineering Journal. 12(2): 2371-2383. [DOI:10.1016/j.asej.2020.09.025]
12. Kumar J, Kumar A. (2017). Employee empowerment: An empirical study. Global Journal of Management and Business Research: A Administration and Management. 17(4): 59-64.
13. Kumar N, Liu Z, Jin Y. (2022). Evaluation of employee empowerment on taking charge behaviour: An application of perceived organizational support as a moderator. Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 15: 1055-1066. [DOI:10.2147/PRBM.S355326]
14. Latifi M, Mohammad Beigi F, Alahbakhshian L, Davaridolatabadi N. (2020). Designing a strategic excellence model for human resource empowerment of Iranian public libraries with futuristic approach. Semiannual Journal of Iran Futures Studies. 4(2): 203-227. [Persian]
15. Mansoori H, Shaemi Barzoki A, Moshref Javadi MH, Kianpour M. (2019). Validation of the organizational empowerment model based on human resource processes. Journal of Research in Human Resources Management. 11(2): 113-135. [Persian]
16. Mirzadeh S, Asgharzadeh A. (2020). Developing human resources empowerment model in the nursing practice: A qualitative study. Journal of Nurse and Physician Within War, 8(29): 74-82. [Persian]
17. Munawar S, Yousaf HQ, Ahmed M, Rehman S. (2022). Effects of green human resource management on green innovation through green human capital, environmental knowledge, and managerial environmental concern. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. 52: 141-150. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhtm.2022.06.009]
18. Murray WC, Holmes MR. (2021). Impacts of employee empowerment and organizational
19. Pradhan RK, Panda M. (2019). Human resource empowerment: Development and validation of a measurement tool. Global Business Review. 22(4): 1-19. [DOI:10.1177/0972150918816895]
20. Rad R, Hesaam S, Jadidi R. (2018). Identify factors affecting human resource empowerment in Ardabil University of Medical Sciences Headquarters. Journal of Health. 8(5): 596-606. [Persian]
21. Roshandel Arbatani T, Farhangi AA, Rabiee A, Radfard S. (2017). Identifying the factors of affecting the empowerment of human resources in governmental media organizations. Journal of Public Administration. 9(3): 517-538. [Persian]
22. Shukla A, Singh S, Rai H, Bhattacharya A. (2018). Employee empowerment leading to flexible role orientation: A disposition-based contingency framework. IIMB Management Review. 30(4): 330-342. [DOI:10.1016/j.iimb.2018.08.002]
23. Song S. (2022). Cultural diversification, human resource-based coordination, and downside risks of multinationality. Journal of Business Research. 142: 562-571. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbusres.2022.01.008]
24. Su L, Houghton JD, Chen S, Zou W. (2022). Does organizational empowerment promote self-leadership in hotel management? An analysis based on employees' cultural value orientation. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. 53: 165-175. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhtm.2022.10.003]
25. Suprapto D, Widigdo AMN. (2021). The effect of employee empowerment, organizational justice, conflict, and work motivation on employee performance (Case study of bank Mandiri Indonesia). European Journal of Business and Management Research. 6(5): 204-208. [DOI:10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1112]
26. Zaraket W, Garios R, Malek LA. (2018). The impact of employee empowerment on the
27. organizational commitment. International Journal of Human Resource Studies. 8(3): 284-299.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian journal of educational sociology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb